Stop A: First State Capitol of Missouri
First State Capitol of Missouri
200 S. Main St
On August 10, 1821 Missouri became the 24th State in the Union. Missourians chose the central location of Jefferson City as the site of their permanent state Capitol. But before construction could be completed, politicians and legislators needed a place to conduct governmental affairs.
With an offer of free rent from the Peck brothers, St. Charles was chosen to be the first State Capitol. From June 4,1821, to Oct. 1, 1826, heated debates of state's rights and slavery filled the rooms on the second floor of this Federal style building.
During this time, the downstairs remained the Peck Bros. Dry Goods & Hardware store where barter was common. The Senate and House of Representatives met upstairs. Just down the hall was the office of Governor Alexander Mc Nair. It was Gov. McNair that signed a bill on November 25th, 1820 making St. Charles the first Capitol of Missouri.
Outside of the capitol, crowds would gather on the street to hear the town crier shout out the news.
"Citizens of St. Charles and visitors to our City. Let it be known to all persons here gathered, Thomas Hart Benton of the Democratic-Republican Party has been elected as the first senator of Missouri... the newest state in the Union.
Don't sit with your quill and squawk, 'twill turn your leg muscles to jelly. Meet people and talk...get out and walk! It’s raining, so go put on your trusty green welly!
God Bless the Constitution of the United States."
The First State Capitol is open to the public with daily tours. Stop in and ask about their tour hours.
To reach the next stop, continue north to the 200 block of N. Main. Here we will visit buildings dating back to the mid 1800’s. When you arrive at 230 N Main, simply select Stop “B”.